The beauty of the five elements mountains in Da Nang, Vietnam

The beauty of the five elements mountains in Da Nang, Vietnam

Da Nang, a coastal city in Vietnam, boasts not only pristine beaches but also cultural and natural wonders. Among these treasures, the Marble Mountains, or Ngu Hanh Son in Vietnamese, stand out as a captivating destination. Comprising a cluster of five marble and limestone hills, Ngu Hanh Son is a sanctuary of historical significance, breathtaking landscapes, and spiritual richness.


Nestled just south of Da Nang, the Marble Mountains are an iconic symbol of the region. Each of the five hills is named after one of the five elements: Thuy Son (Water), Moc Son (Wood), Hoa Son (Fire), Kim Son (Metal), and Tho Son (Earth). These majestic formations have been a source of inspiration for artists, pilgrims, and nature lovers for centuries.

Thuy Son (Water Mountain)

The most visited and renowned among the five mountains is Thuy Son. Dominated by the sacred Tam Thai Pagoda, Thuy Son offers a panoramic view of the surrounding landscape from its summit. As visitors ascend, they encounter intricate cave systems such as Huyen Khong Cave and Tang Chon Cave, adorned with ancient Buddhist sanctuaries and sculptures.

Moc Son (Wood Mountain)

 Moc Son is distinguished by its lush vegetation and tranquil atmosphere. While less crowded than Thuy Son, Moc Son provides an ideal setting for a leisurely hike. The Am Phu Cave, often referred to as the Hell Cave, adds an element of mystique to the mountain, featuring sculptures depicting Buddhist hell and paradise.

Hoa Son (Fire Mountain)

Hoa Son stands out with its historical significance, housing several ancient pagodas and grottoes. Linh Ung Pagoda, with its towering statue of the Lady Buddha, is a highlight of this mountain. The panoramic view of the coastline and the city from Hoa Nghiem Cave is a reward for those who venture to explore its depths.

Kim Son (Metal Mountain)

Kim Son is home to the Van Thong Cave, which is famous for its intricate marble carvings. The skilled artisans of Ngu Hanh Son have been crafting exquisite marble products for centuries, and visitors can witness the artistry in the local workshops scattered around Kim Son. The Marble Sculpture Village is a fascinating stop to observe craftsmen turning blocks of marble into intricate sculptures. You may be interested in Top 7 Specialties Of Da Nang

Tho Son (Earth Mountain)

Tho Son, the smallest of the five mountains, exudes a serene charm. It is less touristy, providing a quieter and more introspective experience. The mysterious Non Nuoc Village, located at the foot of Tho Son, showcases traditional Vietnamese village life and is renowned for its stone carving craftsmanship.

Cultural Significance

Ngu Hanh Son is not only a natural wonder but also a hub of spiritual and cultural activities. Numerous pagodas, shrines, and caves house ancient sculptures and artifacts, reflecting the rich religious history of the region. Pilgrims and tourists alike can partake in the spiritual ambiance and gain insight into Vietnam's cultural heritage.

Preservation Efforts and Accessibility

 Recognizing the importance of preserving this cultural and natural treasure, authorities have implemented measures to maintain the integrity of the Marble Mountains. The site is easily accessible, with well-maintained paths and stairways leading to the mountain peaks. Visitors can explore the mountains at their own pace, immersing themselves in the history and beauty of the surroundings. Refer to the tour Da Nang Hoi An Hue Quang Binh - Central Heritage Journey


 Ngu Hanh Son in Da Nang is a harmonious blend of natural beauty, cultural richness, and spiritual significance. As visitors ascend the marble steps and explore the caves, they embark on a journey through Vietnam's history and traditions. The Marble Mountains stand as a testament to the country's enduring allure, inviting travelers to witness the splendor of a landscape shaped by both nature and human craftsmanship.

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