Explore the cave of ancient people at Cuc Phuong

Explore the cave of ancient people at Cuc Phuong

Nguoi Xua Cave, hidden in the vast mountains and forests of Cuc Phuong National Park, is an attractive destination with pristine nature and rich history. Let's explore this place with BDATrip!

Overview of Cuc Phuong National Park

Cuc Phuong National Park is not only famous for its diverse ecosystem and majestic landscapes but also attracts tourists with its precious archaeological sites, especially ancient caves. The journey to explore the ancient cave at Cuc Phuong will take you back to prehistoric times, opening the door to better understand the lives of our ancestors thousands of years ago. Cuc Phuong National Park is located in three provinces of Ninh Binh, Hoa Binh, and Thanh Hoa, about 120 km south of Hanoi capital. Established in 1962, Cuc Phuong is the first national park and also one of the largest national parks in Vietnam with an area of ​​up to 22,408 hectares. Cuc Phuong stands out with its richness in flora and fauna. More than 2,000 species of higher plants, many of which are listed as rare, along with more than 450 species of animals such as birds, reptiles, and wild animals create a diverse and lively ecological picture.

The wild beauty of Cuc Phuong National Park
The wild beauty of Cuc Phuong National Park

With beautiful natural landscapes and profound cultural and historical values, Cuc Phuong National Park is not only an ideal destination for those who love to explore but also an important place for researchers and conservationists. . During the journey to explore Cuc Phuong, you will have the opportunity to admire ancient relics, learn about the life of prehistoric people and enjoy the majestic and wild beauty of Cuc Phuong mountains and forests. In addition to ecological values, Cuc Phuong is also a place that preserves many important cultural and historical values. The archaeological sites in the garden, especially the ancient caves, provide a lot of valuable information about the lives of prehistoric humans. These discoveries not only contribute to historical and cultural research but also increase the appeal of Cuc Phuong to domestic and foreign tourists.

History and Archaeological Value

Explore Nguoi Xua Cave

Nguoi Xua Cave at Cuc Phuong, also known as Con Moong Cave, is one of the most important archaeological sites in Vietnam. This cave was discovered in the 1970s and quickly attracted the attention of domestic and foreign archaeologists. Con Moong Cave is located at an altitude of about 60 meters above sea level, formed from limestone with many complex rooms and nooks, creating favorable conditions for the residence and activities of prehistoric people.

The entrance to the Ancient Cave
The entrance to the Ancient Cave

During excavations, archaeologists discovered many important artifacts, including: Thousands of pieces of stone tools such as axes, knives, and arrows were found in the cave. These tools date from the Paleolithic to Neolithic periods, showing advances in tool making and use by prehistoric people. The bones of ancient people and many extinct animals were also found in the cave. This helps scientists study the biological characteristics and lifestyle of prehistoric people as well as their living environment. Pottery fragments from the Neolithic period, with diverse patterns and designs, show the development of the art and techniques of pottery making by ancient people.

Layers of charcoal and shells show traces of the use of fire and exploitation of natural resources. This provides important information about the daily activities and eating habits of ancient residents. These discoveries not only help recreate the lives of prehistoric people in Cuc Phuong but also make an important contribution to the study of human history globally. They provide evidence that Cuc Phuong was once one of the important settlement centers of ancient people, from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic period.

History begin

Nguoi Xua Cave and the cave system at Cuc Phuong were formed millions of years ago due to weathering and water erosion of limestone. Over time, rainwater containing carbonic acid has penetrated into the cracks of limestone, dissolving and expanding these cracks, forming caves with strange and complex shapes. During the Paleolithic period, the caves at Cuc Phuong became an ideal shelter for prehistoric people thanks to their safety and ability to provide natural resources such as water, rocks, and hunting animals. The discovery of many layers of culture and artifacts in these caves proves that this place was continuously inhabited over a long period of time. Con Moong Cave and other caves in Cuc Phuong are not only historical witnesses of the prehistoric period but also natural museums, preserving much valuable information about the evolution of humans and the environment. their school of life.

The path to the Ancient Cave
The path to the Ancient Cave

Detailed Description of Ancient Man Cave

Structure and Interior Space

The ancient cave at Cuc Phuong has a complex and diverse structure, with many different rooms and corridors. When entering the cave, you will be impressed by its grandeur and uniqueness with its rooms:

Main Room: This is the largest room in the cave, with large space and high ceilings. Light from natural ventilation holes shines in, highlighting the natural beauty of limestone. This room is believed to be the main place of daily living activities of prehistoric people.

Corridors and Small Rooms: Con Moong Cave has many small corridors and rooms deep inside. These corridors are often narrow and winding, creating a vast and mysterious space when you go deeper inside.

Natural Stone Statues: On the walls and ceilings of the cave, you can see natural stone statues formed from water gradually precipitating and inert into unique shapes. These stalagmites create a natural architectural style and make the cave more interesting.

Special Points in the Cave

On the walls of the cave you can find murals painted with red paint, one of humanity's first artistic expressions. These paintings are often drawings of people, animals, and daily activities, giving viewers a unique insight into the lives of prehistoric people. During excavations, archaeologists found many fossil relics such as human and animal bones. These relics provide valuable information about the development of humans and their living environment thousands of years ago. In addition to Con Moong cave, Cuc Phuong also has many other caves that are considered to have high archaeological value. These locations provide researchers with a more comprehensive picture of the life and culture of prehistoric people in this area.

Ancient Man Cave - Footprints of prehistoric people
Ancient Man Cave - Footprints of prehistoric people

Meaning and Conservation

Cultural and Historical Value

The Cave of Ancients at Cuc Phuong is not only a tourist attraction but also brings many special cultural and historical values ​​to Vietnam:

Bonding Spirit: The discoveries in the cave are proof of the existence and development of prehistoric communities in this area. Discovering and learning about the lives of our ancestors helps strengthen national pride and a sense of community cohesion.

Unique Culture: Wall paintings and fossil remains in caves are living evidence of the unique culture of prehistoric people. They represent the art, beliefs and daily life of ancient residents, contributing to enriching the cultural picture of Vietnam.

Research Resources: Archaeological findings in caves provide valuable information for the study of human history, culture and biology. These studies help us better understand the development of humans and their living environments in the past.


Preserving the natural environment around the cave is an important part of conservation. Measures such as minimizing waste, limiting gold burning as well as controlling the number of visitors are applied to protect the habitat of animals and plants. Archaeological sites are carefully preserved and protected to prevent destruction and loss. Measures such as building conservation areas, setting up instructional signs and closely monitoring help visitors understand and respect the historical value of the cave.

Research projects on ancient caves not only help expand knowledge but also provide opportunities to train future generations of scientists and conservationists. At the same time, educational programs and tourist guides are also deployed to increase awareness and conservation awareness among local communities and tourists.

These conservation efforts not only preserve and protect the cultural and historical value of the ancient cave at Cuc Phuong but also help it continue to be an important and attractive destination for tourists and researchers. Future.

Three Ancient Tombs

Nguoi Xua Cave is not only a residence but also a burial ground for primitive people. The archaeological team unearthed three ancient tombs, in which the bodies were buried in a crouching and squatting position. Fossilized human skeletons are still quite intact. Using C14 radiocarbon analysis, archaeologists have determined that these skeletons are about 7,500 years old. Primitive human remains were buried around rubble embankments, the bottom of the grave was covered with rubble and some graves were sprinkled with ocher. Most of these graves are buried near the fire.

Hopefully this article will help you get more information about Nguoi Xua Cave in Cuc Phuong National Park. Hope you have a wonderful experience here!

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